Most often the basement in a private house is empty. However, if desired, it can be turned into a garage, workshop, gym, recreation room, bedroom, and more. Everyone can create an individual space. The main thing is to think out correctly not only design but also engineering solutions, in particular, the organization of communications.
The task of arranging the basement is reasonable to set at the construction stage. This will allow you to intelligently distribute the area of the above-ground floors and not to overload the site with unnecessary driveways and walkways. But, of course, it is not always possible to predict everything in advance, therefore, homeowners often, at the next repair, rework the existing basement floor into a residential area.
The advantages of an equipped basement:
- Extension of the usable area, saving space;
- Improvement of heat-saving properties of the house;
- The walls and floor of the cottage are protected from mold spreading due to better ventilation.
Re-equipment of the existing basement
When reworking the basement, you need to consider several important factors. The first and most important is dampness. Professional chemicals will help eliminate the effects of excessive moisture, such as mold. After disinfection, all surfaces must be covered with a special antifungal impregnation or waterproof paint. Special attention during processing is paid to the joints between the base and the walls. To protect against moisture around the perimeter of the base plate is applied hydro-expanding acrylic resin.
In addition to waterproofing the basement, it is crucial to provide it with a convenient entrance. According to experts, the maximum comfort and safety of the descent are achieved when the angle of the stairs is 45 degrees, and the width of the steps is at least 20 cm. If the basement area is large, for convenience, you should think about the organization of two entrances.
In addition to the repair and finishing works during the rework, it is required to improve the engineering infrastructure. In the existing basement, as a rule, there is already light and ventilation, while water supply and wastewater disposal will have to be dealt with separately. For sewage disposal, a sewage pumping station will be needed. The equipment is selected individually depending on the planned type of room. “There are a lot of variants of domestic sewers. To make the selection process as easy as possible, our engineers have developed the concept of “one size fits all.” So, in the lineup Sololift2 Only five models that cover all the needs of a private house. Three of them are designed for pumping sewage from the toilet and other plumbing and differ in the number of possible points of connection (pressure nozzles). Two more units of this series are designed to divert “gray” drains from the washbasin, shower, dishwasher and washing machine, ” says, engineer of the London basement company.
Several design tricks
Here are some more tricks you can use to finish the basement:
- To visually increase the height of the ceiling, use the vertical patterns on the wallpaper. The ceiling itself can be made multi-level using glossy tension structures.
- For low ceilings, use low-volume, low-volume furniture. Thus, the feeling of isolation will disappear, and the person will feel comfortable.
- If the basement of the house has a small area, you can expand the space with the help of mirrors.